was made up of many city-states. Each city-state was self-governing though they
shared the same language, many customs and worshipped the same gods. The two
most powerful city-states Sparta and Athens, regularly warred against each
other but united to fight foreign invaders.
Sparta, a city-state in southern Greece, was known for its life of
discipline, simplicity and self-denial.
They kept a permanent army, imposed harsh military training on their
males from the age of seven, and were recognized as the best soldiers in
ancient Greece. Sparta remained
independent until Philip of Macedon conquered Greece in 338BC.
A Spartan 5th
century bell helmet is displayed at The Metropolitan Museum in New York.
Gray construction paper (12 in. x 18 in.) - 2 pieces
Tape (clear packing tape)
Glue stick or glue
Duct tape version
Brown paper grocery bag
Gray duct tape 1 each
Scissors bandage scissors or other sharp scissors work best
for cutting duct tape
Black permanent marker
Laminate construction paper - to extend the life
of the hat (buy by the roll and buy good quality). Low quality laminate will
separate from paper quickly.
Foam sheets large (12 in. x 18 in.) or by the
roll (18 in. x 72 in.) Tape
on the inside when possible, use transparent duct tape on exterior when