Ancient Greece: 700-300 BC




Ancient Greece was made up of many city-states. Each city-state was self-governing though they shared the same language, many customs and worshipped the same gods. The two most powerful city-states Sparta and Athens, regularly warred against each other but united to fight foreign invaders.  Sparta, a city-state in southern Greece, was known for its life of discipline, simplicity and self-denial.  They kept a permanent army, imposed harsh military training on their males from the age of seven, and were recognized as the best soldiers in ancient Greece.  Sparta remained independent until Philip of Macedon conquered Greece in 338BC. 


A Spartan 5th century “bell” helmet is displayed at The Metropolitan Museum in New York.



Paper version

Gray construction paper (12 in. x 18 in.) - 2 pieces

Tape (clear packing tape)

Glue stick or glue


Black marker


Duct tape version

Brown paper grocery bag

Gray duct tape – 1 each

Scissors – bandage scissors or other sharp scissors work best for cutting duct tape

Black permanent marker


Other options:

Laminate construction paper - to extend the life of the hat (buy by the roll and buy good quality). Low quality laminate will separate from paper quickly.

Foam sheets – large (12 in. x 18 in.) or by the roll (18 in. x 72 in.)   Tape on the inside when possible, use transparent duct tape on exterior when necessary.