Ancient Middle East: 1175 - 600 BC




Egyptian reliefs in Medinet Habu, Egypt (Rameses III’s mortuary temple) tell the story of the Pelesets (Philistines) raiding Egypt during the eighth year of Rameses III (1175 B.C.).


Philistines are thought to have descended from the Sea Peoples; their artwork is reminiscent of the Greeks. Though their origins are debated, their expertise in making iron is well known as is their distinctive feathered headgear and their use of spears and round shields.  The Philistines inhabited the southern coast of Canaan along with their enemies, the Israelites. The Bible recounts how the Israelites would go down to the Philistines, who had chariots of iron, to have their plows, axes, and sickles sharpened.  The most famous Philistines in the Bible were the giant Goliath and the temptress Delilah.  Babylon destroyed the Philistine cities around 600BC.



Paper version:

Gray construction paper (12 in. x 18 in.) or other color of choice - 1 piece

Blue construction paper (12 in. x 18 in.) or other color of choice – 2 pieces

Tape (clear packing tape)

Glue stick or glue



Duct tape version:

Brown paper grocery bag

Gray duct tape – 1 each

Blue duct tape or other color of choice – 1 each

Scissors – bandage scissors or other sharp scissors work best for cutting duct tape


Other options:

Laminate construction paper - to extend the life of the hat (buy by the roll and buy good quality). Low quality laminate will separate from paper quickly.

Foam sheets – large (12 in. x 18 in.) or by the roll (18 in. x 72 in.) Tape on the inside when possible, use transparent duct tape on exterior when necessary.