Nubian Pharaohs

Ancient Egypt: Third Intermediate Period 724-664 BC




Nubia or Kush, known today as Sudan, bordered southern Egypt. The Nubians had long been under Egyptian rule but they regained independence when Ramses III, the last of the great Pharaohs, died.  When no strong leader rose to rule Egypt, the Nubian king Piye gathered his army and marched to Thebes to restore order. The Egyptian princes united their armies to fight but it was in vain. The Nubian dynasty lasted 66 years until the Assyrians, in partnership with the Egyptians, forced the Nubians out of power.


The Nubian kings wore crowns with double cobras to signify the unity between Egypt and Nubia.  A statue of King Taharka wearing such a cap-like crown can be found in The British Museum.



Paper version

Red construction paper (12 in. x 18 in.) 2 pieces

Yellow construction paper (12 in. x 9 in.) 1 piece

Tape (clear packing tape)

Glue stick or glue


Ribbons 4-6 strands 2-3 feet long each


Duct tape version

Brown paper grocery bag - 1

Red and yellow duct tape 1 each

Scissors bandage scissors or other sharp scissors work best for cutting duct tape

Ribbons 4-6 strands 2-3 feet long each


Other options:

Laminate construction paper - to extend the life of the hat (buy by the roll and buy good quality). Low quality laminate will separate from paper quickly.

Foam sheets large (12 in. x18 in.) or by the roll (18 in. x 72 in.) Tape on the inside when possible, use transparent duct tape on exterior when necessary.